Green Bean Casserole Recipe: A Timeless Classic


Green bean casserole is a beloved dish that has graced American dinner tables for generations. Its creamy texture, savory flavor, and delightful crunch make it a standout side dish, especially during the holiday season. This article delves deep into the history, preparation, variations, and tips for making the perfect green bean casserole, ensuring that this beloved recipe shines at your next family gathering.

 The History of Green Bean Casserole

The green bean casserole, as we know it today, was created in 1955 by Dorcas Reilly, a home economist at the Campbell Soup Company. The dish was designed to be easy, using common pantry items: green beans, Campbell’s Cream of Mushroom Soup, and French-fried onions. It quickly became a popular staple at Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners due to its simplicity and delicious taste.

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Reilly’s creation aimed to combine convenience with great flavor, utilizing the company’s canned soup to streamline the cooking process for busy homemakers. Over the decades, the green bean casserole has maintained its status as a holiday classic, often occupying a central spot on the festive table. The enduring appeal lies in its comfort-food qualities and the nostalgic memories it evokes of family gatherings and festive celebrations.



Ingredients for the Classic Green Bean Casserole

To create the traditional green bean casserole, you will need:


  •  4 cups of cooked green beans (fresh or canned)
  •  1 can (10.5 ounces) of condensed mushroom cream soup.
  •  1/2 cup of milk
  •  1 teaspoon of soy sauce
  •  1/4 teaspoon of black pepper
  •  1 can (6 ounces) of French-fried onions

These ingredients form the basis of the green bean casserole’s distinctive flavor and texture. However, don’t hesitate to customize the recipe to suit your personal preferences or dietary needs.


Step-by-Step Instructions


  1. Heat the Oven: Set your oven to 350°F (175°C) and allow it to preheat.


  1. Prepare the Green Beans: If using fresh green beans, trim and cut them into bite-sized pieces. Cook them in boiling water for about 5 minutes, then drain and set aside. If using canned green beans, drain them and proceed to the next step.


  1. Mix the Sauce: In a large bowl, combine the cream of mushroom soup, milk, soy sauce, and black pepper. Stir until the mixture is well blended.


  1. Combine Ingredients: Add the green beans and half of the French-fried onions to the sauce mixture. Stir to coat the green beans evenly.


  1. Bake: Transfer the mixture to a 1 1/2-quart casserole dish. Bake in the preheated oven for 25 minutes or until hot and bubbling.


  1. Add Topping: Remove the casserole from the oven and stir. Sprinkle the remaining French-fried onions on top. Place the casserole back in the oven and bake for another 5 minutes or until the onions turn golden brown.


  1. Serve: Let the casserole sit for a few minutes before serving. Enjoy your classic green bean casserole!


Variations on the Classic Recipe

While the classic green bean casserole is delicious, there are numerous variations that can add a unique twist to this beloved dish. Exploring these options can elevate your culinary experience and cater to a range of tastes and dietary preferences.

  1. Cheesy Green Bean Casserole

"green bean casserole"


Adding cheese to your green bean casserole can create a rich, creamy texture that cheese lovers will adore.

Ingredients: Follow the classic recipe, but add 1 cup of shredded cheddar cheese to the sauce mixture. Top the casserole with an additional 1/2 cup of cheese before adding the French-fried onions.

The cheesy variation offers a delightful depth of flavor, with the melted cheese blending seamlessly with the creamy mushroom soup. This version is sure to be a hit at any gathering, adding an extra layer of indulgence to the traditional recipe.

  1. Bacon Green Bean Casserole

"green bean casserole"


Bacon adds a smoky flavor and a delightful crunch to the green bean casserole.

Ingredients: Fry 6 slices of bacon until crispy, then crumble. Mix the bacon pieces into the casserole before baking. You can also sprinkle some on top with the French-fried onions.

The addition of bacon not only enhances the taste but also introduces a savory element that complements the green beans and creamy sauce. This variation is perfect for those who enjoy a bit of smoky, meaty flavor in their dishes.


  1. Garlic and Herb Green Bean Casserole

"green bean casserole"

For a more sophisticated flavor profile, incorporate garlic and fresh herbs.

Ingredients: Add 2 cloves of minced garlic to the sauce mixture. Stir in 1 tablespoon of chopped fresh thyme and 1 tablespoon of chopped fresh parsley.

The garlic and herb variation brings a fresh, aromatic quality to the casserole, making it an elegant option for more refined palates. The herbs provide a burst of flavor that pairs wonderfully with the green beans and creamy base.


  1. Mushroom Lovers Green Bean Casserole

"green bean casserole"


Enhance the mushroom flavor by adding fresh mushrooms.

Ingredients: Sauté 1 cup of sliced mushrooms in butter until they are golden brown. Mix them into the casserole before baking.

For mushroom enthusiasts, this variation amplifies the earthy, umami taste of the dish. The fresh mushrooms add a hearty texture and a deeper mushroom flavor that complements the cream of mushroom soup perfectly.


Tips for the Perfect Green Bean Casserole

Achieving the perfect green bean casserole involves a few key tips:


  1. Use Fresh Green Beans

While canned green beans are convenient, using fresh green beans can provide a better texture and flavor. Blanch them quickly to maintain their crispness.

Fresh green beans offer a vibrant color and a satisfying crunch that elevates the overall quality of the casserole. Blanching helps retain their bright green hue and tender-crisp texture, ensuring they stand out in the dish.

  1. Homemade Cream of Mushroom Soup

For a more homemade touch, consider making your own cream of mushroom soup. This can significantly enhance the flavor of your casserole.

Recipe: Sauté 1 cup of finely chopped mushrooms in 2 tablespoons of butter. Mix in 2 tablespoons of flour and cook for one minute. Gradually add 1 cup of chicken or vegetable broth and 1 cup of milk, stirring constantly until the mixture thickens.

Homemade cream of mushroom soup allows you to control the ingredients and seasoning, resulting in a richer, more flavorful base for your casserole. The fresh mushrooms and real cream create a depth of flavor that canned soup can’t match.

  1. Crispy Topping

Ensure your French-fried onions are crispy by storing them in an airtight container. If they lose their crunch, you can briefly toast them in the oven before using them.

The crispy topping is a crucial element of the green bean casserole, providing a satisfying contrast to the creamy interior. Toasting the onions if they soften helps restore their crunchiness, ensuring they add the desired texture to the dish.

  1. Seasoning

Taste the sauce mixture before combining it with the green beans. Adjust the seasoning as needed, adding more soy sauce, salt, or pepper to suit your taste.

Proper seasoning is essential for bringing out the flavors in the casserole. Tasting and adjusting the sauce ensures a balanced flavor profile, preventing the dish from being bland or overly salty.


Serving Suggestions

Green bean casserole is a versatile dish that pairs well with a variety of main courses. Here are some serving suggestions:

Thanksgiving Turkey: The creamy texture of the casserole complements the roasted turkey and savory gravy perfectly.

Roast Beef: The rich flavors of roast beef and its accompanying jus are beautifully balanced by the green bean casserole.

Baked Ham: The sweetness of baked ham is nicely contrasted with the savory casserole.

Grilled Chicken: For a lighter meal, serve the casserole alongside grilled chicken and a fresh salad.

These pairings highlight the green bean casserole’s ability to enhance and complement a wide range of dishes, making it a flexible addition to any meal.


Nutritional Information

Green bean casserole is not only delicious but also provides some nutritional benefits. Here’s a basic breakdown of its nutritional content per serving (assuming 8 servings per recipe):


Calories: 200

Protein: 4g

Carbohydrates: 14g

Fat: 14g

Fiber: 2g

Sodium: 500mg


This nutritional profile reflects the balance of macronutrients in the dish, making it a relatively moderate option for a side dish. Adjusting ingredients and portions can tailor the casserole to fit specific dietary needs.


Green Bean Casserole for Special Diets

If you have dietary restrictions, you can still enjoy green bean casserole with a few modifications:

  1. Gluten-Free Green Bean Casserole

To make a gluten-free version, use gluten-free cream of mushroom soup and gluten-free French-fried onions. You can also make your own crispy onion topping with gluten-free breadcrumbs.

Ensuring that the casserole is gluten-free opens it up to those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivities, allowing everyone at the table to enjoy this classic dish.

  1. Vegan Green Bean Casserole

For a vegan option, use a plant-based cream of mushroom soup and replace the milk with a non-dairy alternative like almond or soy milk. Use vegan French-fried onions or make your own with thinly sliced onions and a light coating of flour and seasoning.

The vegan variation caters to plant-based diets while retaining the creamy and savory qualities of the original dish. This adaptation ensures that vegans can partake in the festive tradition.

  1. Low-Sodium Green Bean Casserole

To reduce the sodium content, use a low-sodium cream of mushroom soup and skip the soy sauce or use a low-sodium variety. You can also use fresh green beans and season the casserole with herbs and spices instead of relying on salt.

A low-sodium version is ideal for those watching their salt intake, offering a healthier option without compromising on flavor. Fresh herbs and spices can enhance the dish naturally, providing depth and aroma.


Creative Uses for Leftover Green Bean Casserole

Leftover green bean casserole can be just as enjoyable as the freshly made dish. Here are some creative ways to use it:

  1. Green Bean Casserole Soup

Transform your leftover casserole into a comforting soup. Simply add some vegetable or chicken broth to thin out the casserole and heat it on the stove. You can add some cooked chicken or turkey for extra protein.

This transformation creates a hearty, warming soup that utilizes the leftover casserole effectively, offering a new and satisfying meal.

  1. Green Bean Casserole Stuffed Potatoes

Scoop out the insides of baked potatoes and mix them with the leftover casserole. Put the mixture back into the potato skins and bake them until they are warmed up.

Stuffed potatoes are a delicious and convenient way to enjoy leftovers, turning them into a flavorful and filling dish that’s perfect for a quick dinner or lunch.

  1. Green Bean Casserole Casserole

Use the leftover casserole as a filling for a new casserole. Layer it with cooked pasta or rice, add some additional sauce or cheese, and bake until bubbly.

This layered casserole approach breathes new life into the leftovers, creating a new dish that’s just as delightful as the original.

4.Green Bean Casserole Pizza

Spread the leftover casserole on a pizza crust, sprinkle with mozzarella cheese, and bake until the crust is crispy and the cheese is melted.

The pizza variation offers a fun and unconventional way to enjoy the green bean casserole, combining the best of both worlds for a unique and tasty treat.


Expanding Your Green Bean Casserole Knowledge

To further enrich your understanding and appreciation of the green bean casserole, let’s dive into some additional aspects that will add another layer to your culinary repertoire.


The Science Behind the Creamy Goodness

The green bean casserole’s appeal lies in its creamy texture and balanced flavors. The cream of mushroom soup, when combined with milk, creates a smooth, velvety base that coats the green beans. The starch from the flour in the soup helps thicken the mixture, providing that classic creamy consistency.

The Maillard reaction, which occurs when the French-fried onions bake on top, contributes to the golden-brown color and crispy texture. This reaction enhances the flavors, adding depth and complexity to the casserole.


The Importance of Texture

One of the key elements that make the green bean casserole so satisfying is the interplay of textures. The tender-crisp green beans, creamy sauce, and crunchy onion topping create a harmonious blend that pleases the palate. Achieving the perfect texture balance is crucial, and here are some tips:

Blanching Fresh Green Beans: Quickly boiling and then shocking green beans in ice water helps maintain their crispness.

Avoid Overcooking: Overbaking can make the casserole mushy. Follow the baking times carefully and check for doneness.

Crisping Onions: Ensure the French-fried onions are stored properly and added at the right time to maintain their crunch.


Regional Variations

While the green bean casserole is a staple in many American households, different regions have their own twists on the recipe. For example, in the South, you might find versions with added ham or pimentos for a touch of sweetness and color. In the Midwest, extra cheese and bacon are popular additions.


Green Bean Casserole: A Global Perspective

While green bean casserole is distinctly American, similar dishes can be found in other cuisines. Exploring these variations can inspire new takes on the classic recipe.

French Haricots Verts: French green beans, or haricots verts, are often prepared with garlic and shallots, offering a simpler yet elegant approach.

Italian Green Bean Casserole: In Italy, green beans might be mixed with tomatoes, olives, and a sprinkle of Parmesan for a Mediterranean twist.

Asian-Inspired Green Bean Casserole: Adding soy sauce, sesame oil, and a touch of ginger can infuse the dish with Asian flavors.


Hosting a Green Bean Casserole Cook-Off

For a fun and engaging event, consider hosting a green bean casserole cook-off. Invite friends and family to bring their own versions of the dish, and have a tasting competition. This can be a great way to discover new variations and celebrate this classic dish in a communal setting.


Green Bean Casserole in Pop Culture

Green bean casserole has made appearances in various TV shows, movies, and literature, often symbolizing home-cooked comfort and family gatherings. Its presence in pop culture underscores its status as a beloved American tradition.

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Conclusion: A Celebration of Green Bean Casserole

Green bean casserole is more than just a dish; it’s a celebration of family, tradition, and comfort. Its enduring popularity is a testament to its deliciousness and versatility. Whether you’re making the classic recipe or experimenting with new variations, the green bean casserole is sure to bring warmth and joy to your table.

So, the next time you’re planning a meal, remember the humble yet extraordinary green bean casserole. Gather your ingredients, invite your loved ones, and create memories around this timeless classic. Enjoy the process and the delicious results, knowing that you’re part of a rich tradition that spans generations and brings people together in the most delicious way possible.

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